Lake Ohrid is the oldest lake in Europe. Along with Tanganyka in Africa, Lake Titicaca in South Amerika and Lake Baikal in Russia, it is among the oldest in the world, too. It was formed between 4 and 10 million years ago.
Lake Ohrid is among the cleanest lakes in the world with transparency of the water of 22 meters. Its deepest point is about 300 meters. More than 200 species of flora and fauna are endemic and they can be found only here.
Saint Clement of Ohrid and Saint Naum of Ohrid, the disciples of the “Apostles of the Slavs” Saints Cyril and Methodius, founded the Ohrid literary school which is considered as the oldest Slavonic university in the world. It was active for almost 3 centuries and more than 3500 students got their education here. The Slavic literacy than was spread out from Ohrid to the rest of the Slavic world.
In its Centuries long history, Ohrid became capital of an empire only once. That was during the King Samuel’s reign and his medieval kingdom. This kingdom, or Ohrid itself, controlled a huge territory of the Balkan peninsula, covering today’s modern countries of Macedonia, Bulgaria, Northern Greece, Serbia, Kosovo, Montenegro and Albania. This kingdom is considered to be the biggest Balkan kingdom ever created.
Ohrid Archbishopric was founded at the end of 9th century by its first bishop Saint Clement of Ohrid. After the schism or the first division of Christianity into Catholics and Orthodox, Ohrid Archbishopric remained independent from two centers of that Christian world – Rome and Constantinople. It had jurisdiction over the same territories as the Samuel’s kingdom, holding jurisdiction off all the churches built in that territory.