Ohrid

More about Ohrid   

 

Ohrid is located in the south west part of Macedonia, on the shores of the Ohrid Lake, one of the oldest lakes in the world, on an elevation of 695m, above the sea level. The city has around 50.000 inhabitants and the majority are Christian Orthodox. In the antiquity known as Lychnidos, or “The City of Light”, Ohrid is a never ending story that has begun in the prehistory and lasts through many periods up to the present.

 Many civilizations left their traces on the soil of this magnificent city. After the Slavic colonization, the city will get Slavic features and today, the official name of the city derives from the Slavic words “vo hrid”, meaning “on a hill”, since the old town of Ohrid stands on a hill. Ohrid is the center of spiritual culture, the city of 365 churches, it is our Jerusalem on the Balkans, the leading center of Slavic cultural and literary activity whose patron is St Clement, the creator of the Cyrillic alphabet who founded the first Slavic University in the 9th century. Today, Ohrid is a major tourist center in the Republic of Macedonia. Due to the universal, cultural, historical and natural value and significance, the city in 1980 and the Ohrid Lake in 1979 were accepted as cultural and natural World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Ohrid is one of only 28 sites that are part of UNESCO’s World Heritage that are cultural as well as natural sites.

Top things to visit

St. Sophia church

Prehistoric palafite settlement which is located 14km from Ohrid. The museum countains reconstuction of the settlement, museum where the artifact are shown, and Roman Castrum, Read more about this museum

St. Sophia church is located in the old part of the city of Ohrid. The Cathedral is dedicated to the Holy Wisdom, built on the foundations of an early Christian basilica and it was renovated and adorned with frescos in the time of the archbishop Leo in the period between 1037 and 1056.

Church St. John, Kaneo

The church is landmark of Ohrid and Ohrid lake, it offers breathtaking view of the hole Ohrid lake and its settled in old part of the city.

Church of St. John Theologian Kaneo is built during the 13th century. Standing alone on a cliff overlooking the Lake of Ohrid, above the fishing settlement of Kaneo, The architecture is a combination of Byzantine and Armenian elements.

Ancient theater

The Ancient Theater is located at the foot of the eastern slope of the higher Ohrid hill, under Samuel’s Fortress. It is near one of the main entrances to the fortified city – the Upper Gate

The Ancient Theater dates back to 200 B.C. during the time of late Hellenism. It was used by the Romans for gladiator fights until the 4th century when the Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire.

Tzar Samoil fortress

Ohrid fortress is the symbol of the town, the walls and the towers of the fortress occupies the entire Ohrid hill which rises to 100 meters above the lake level.

The fortress first was build by the Macedonian king Philip II, in the 4 century b.c. Through the ages the fortress has been destroyed many times, rebuilt and upgraded. But, most of the walls and the preserved towers date from the time of Tzar Samoil, who ruled from 976 until 1014 and made Ohrid the centre of his empire. Because of that, today the fortress is called Tzar Samoil fortress.

National Ohrid museum

National Ohrid Museum is located in the old part of the city

The biggest part of the museum consists in archaeological collection that presents the archaeological treasure from the region of the city, the most important exhibition is the Golden room. It includes precious antiques, above all the Golden Mask from the 5th century BC, as well as many other gold, silver and glided items found during excavations in Ohrid and the archaeological sites Trebenishte and Deboj.

If you want to explore Ohrid and learn more about this city museum, visit our web site for Ohrid